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Stairways and ladders are a major source of injuries and fatalities among workers. Hampshire College recognizes the importance of safe ladder use and has adopted the following policy. All employees are expected to use ladders in accordance with manufacturers' recommended practices and the following requirements, which conform to OSHA standards 1926.1053 (Ladders), 1910.25 (Portable Wood Ladders), and 1910.26 (Portable Metal Ladders).
The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) establishes standards for ladder construction. Depending on the material and type of ladder, different ANSI safety codes apply. The ANSI codes are as follows: Wood Ladder ANSI A14.1, Metal Ladder ANSI A14.2, Fixed Ladder ANSI A14.3, Fiberglass Ladder ANSI A14.5, Steel Ladder ANSI A14.7, Stage Platform ANSI A10.8, Rolling Scaffold ANSI A10.8, and Special Duty ANSI A14.10.
ANSI codes also establish Duty Ratings identifying the conditions under which the ladder can be safely used. The Duty Rating system is as follows:
Hampshire College employees are not authorized to build or use job-made ladders, ladder jacks, or pump jacks unless as specifically approved for that job by the director of facilities and grounds and contructed in compliance with 1926.1053. The following general requirements apply to ladders and ladder use by Hampshire College personnel:
Fall protection is not required for workers on portable ladders. When ascending or descending a ladder, the user must face the ladder. The user must use at least one hand to grasp the ladder (three points of contact) when progressing up and/or down the ladder and must never carry an object or load that could cause the employee to lose his/her balance and fall.
This program will be reviewed periodically by facilities and grounds and environmental health and safety to ensure compliance with OSHA regulations. Additionally, in the event of an incident involving a ladder, an accident investigation will be conducted to determine if procedures outlined in this policy were adhered to, and if there is new information or guidelines that can be implemented to improve this policy and our overall safety effort.