Associate Professor of Entomology and Ecology
An agricultural ecologist and entomologist who does research at the Hampshire College Farm Center, Schultz has spent a number of years in Central America and the Caribbean studying methods of insect pest control. He is also interested in statistical analysis and world peace.
This course develops skills for designing experiments and analyzing data using standard statistical methods. Work will include the use of some common computer software and programs, such as Excel, R and Minitab. We will use a concise textbook plus other readings, and design and carry out data collection in class, with some data collected and analyzed by students on their own. We will also discuss examples in primary research articles and relevant aspects of the philosophy of science. The emphasis in this course will be on problems and interpretation, and being able to choose and use common methods for data analysis -- actually using statistics for data analysis.
This course is a broad introduction to the science and practices of sustainable agriculture and organic farming, as well as agroecology, beyond organic. It will emphasize the study of the underlying science and related issues of key agricultural methods, along with some hands-on experience in the field and lab. We focus on methods that avoid the use of nonrenewable resources. We will visit/work some on the Hampshire College farm and in class some topics will follow the farm season (e.g., the coming of spring). Class work will include readings, discussions, and assignments aimed at understanding farm and sustainable practices in general. For example, we will study the basics of soil, fertility and biology, how to control major insect pests given their life cycles, pollinators and their conservation, how animals are produced in sustainable production, and economic/social issues related to sustainable agriculture. Some individual/small group project work will be required.
This course looks at agriculture as a set of ecological systems and issues. It refers to ecology in both the sense of interactions between organisms (e.g., crops, pests, and predators) and their environment, and in the larger-scale sense of environmental impacts and related social and political issues. A broad range of topics will be covered, including pesticides and alternatives, soil fertility and erosion, the role of animals, genetically modified crops, biofuels, global vs. local trade and more. The course work will consist of readings, discussion, written assignments (with revisions as needed), work at the Hampshire farm, group and independent projects, guest lectures and films, and field trips. Given the fieldwork, students should always be prepared to walk and be outside (e.g., sun screen, rain gear, sensible shoes). Some fieldwork may include other times and days to be arranged in class.
This course will examine terrestrial ecology and natural history with an emphasis on our area and studies of the Hampshire fields and forests, as well as visits to other local points of interest (e.g., Mount Holyoke, the Conn. River flood plain, the William Cullen Bryant forest, local collections, and more); focusing on arthropods, herps, birds, and plants, but with attention to mammals, geology, etc. We will spend as much time as possible outside, weather permitting, and combine walking, seeing, learning, and experimenting with the local flora and fauna, with scientific sampling studies of such features as life under logs (e.g., millipedes and red-backed salamanders) or in the canopy (using the Hampshire canopy walkway), or the biodiversity of the Hampshire campus (including quantitative inventories, trail cameras, and museum-type collections for display in Cole Science), or the Hampshire college farm (e.g., bees, butterflies, and other pollinators, and predators too, as well as pests).
This course is primarily for a relatively small group of more advanced students to do field studies in terrestrial ecology, field trips, and readings from primary literature. We will use the Hampshire College forests and fields, the canopy walkway, farm center, and off-campus sites as our study areas. We'll be outside as much as possible early on, and visit several habitats and locations of interest. We'll also carry out several field problems or small sampling projects, focusing on studies of vegetation, birds, insects and other invertebrates, and salamanders, among others, also depending upon the weather, results of our work as they develop, and the interests of the participants in the course. Prerequisite: some previous biology.