Associate Professor of Sociology and American Studies
His research centers on the politics and poetics of cultural production. Valentín-Escobar's early research documented the process and cultural significance of musical production within the Puerto Rican and Nuyorican diasporic community. This research highlighted how salsa and Latin jazz are inter-musical, transnational processes that embody popular memory, resistance struggles, and diasporic transracial alliances. His current work focuses on the critical role that community arts centers have in fostering how U.S.-based Latino/a avant-garde artists engage in artistic collective practices for decolonial emancipation through public performances and alternative art spaces.
A Brooklyn New York-native, Valentín-Escobar is currently completing the book Bodega Surrealism: The Emergence of Latin@ Artivists in New York City (New York University Press, forthcoming). The manuscript, which derives from his award-winning dissertation, examines the cultural activism, or "artivism," of two community-based art communities and projects that originated in the 1970s within the Lower East Side neighborhood of New York City: the New Rican Village Cultural Arts Center and El Puerto Rican Embassy. Based on the premise that culture has the potential to create anti-hegemonic, emancipatory social change for a generation of working-class Puerto Rican and Latina/o artists, members of both art centers responded to the social and political alienation they and their accompanying communities experienced. By examining cultural performances, art installations, and arts programming, Valentín-Escobar demonstrates how these artists embarked upon aesthetic, social, spatial, and political interventions.
During the 2011-2012 academic year, Professor Valentín-Escobar was a Postdoctoral Associate in the Program in Ethnicity, Race, and Migration at Yale University. The Andrew W. Mellon Fellowship, the Fred C. Andersen Fellowship at Carleton College, the Rackham Merit Fellowship at the University of Michigan, and the George Washington Henderson Fellowship at the University of Vermont have funded his scholarship. His research and writings have appeared in important scholarly, peer-reviewed anthologies and academic journals.
In May 2012, Valentín received the Best Dissertation Prize from the Latina/o Studies section of the Latin American Studies Association (LASA).
When Mexico sends its people, they're not sending their they're bringing those problems with us. They're bringing drugs. They're bringing crime. They're rapists..." Donald Trump, June 16, 2015. Utilizing an interdisciplinary, Ethnic Studies, and transnational framework, this course is designed as an introductory foray to studying Latina/o/x communities in the United States, focusing on their historical, social, political, cultural and economic formations and practices. Some issues and topics to be discussed include: the history of Latina/o/x Studies, inter-Latin@ and transnational formations, Latina/o/x identities and their attendant discourses; social and cultural movements; labor policies and (im)migrant labor migration; past and current xenophobic policies and practices against Latina/o/x communities; the illegal and inhumane detention of (im)migrants, and the forms of resistance employed by Latinas/os/xs against historical and current-day imperial projects and ethnically/racially intolerant policies.
The purpose of this seminar is to discuss, theorize, and understand the importance of oral history (the recording of life experiences) for silenced communities alienated from prevailing historical discourses. Oral history forces us to look at history from "below," to acquire "new ways of seeing," and to delineate new epistemologies. Some of the questions that will guide the course include: Who "makes history"? Why have certain individuals been studied while others ignored? How does this shape the production of knowledge, our understanding of the past and the analysis of experience? Why have the meanings of particular events been diminished? How do particular identities complicate the writing and interpretation of history? How does colonialism shape historical knowledge? How does historical memory affect the reading of the past? Utilizing sample interviews as a point of departure, students are also expected to conduct oral history interviews and crystallize them within a yearlong research project. Registered students are required to enroll in both the fall and spring semesters. The course will end with a public symposium.
In moments of political and economic crisis, activist-artists, or artivists, often respond to the call for social change. They generate art as social action and also help realize a new social world into being. Drawing from disciplinary and interdisciplinary perspectives, this seminar investigates the "who, what, where, when, why and how" of creative artistic resistance. We will discuss the inter-relationships between: art, activism, and the social imagination; the tensions between the "real" and the "imaginary"; public art and community engagement; the role of art in social movements; the function and responsibility of artistic institutions (museums, community art centers, etc.); the relationship between art, gentrification, and creative economies in under-resourced communities; how art can build new or alternative public sphere(s); analyze political art vs. activist art; and understand community-based art vs. art-based community making. The course emphasizes socially engaged art as a collective participatory practice that facilitates emancipation and transformation.
In 1968 a Chicago-based gang announced they were now a civil and human rights organization. Called The Young Lords, they became a vital radical force for social change within the US, with chapters and offices operating out of Chicago, New York City, Boston, Bridgeport, Philadelphia, and elsewhere. They were inspired by the activism spearheaded by the Black Panther Party for Self Defense, the international anti-colonial movements of the 1950s and 60s, the Black Power and Civil Rights movements, and the teachings of Malcom X, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Albizu Campos, Che Guevara, Fidel Castro, Mao Tse Tung, and Frantz Fanon, among others. The organization undertook aggressive social actions that impacted public policy and the political culture of organizing. The course will examine the organization's intersectional activism, ideology, and political programs. The course will feature guest speakers, movie screenings, numerous fieldtrips, and primary archival research.
In 2014 there were over 55.3 million Latin@s/Latinos residing within the United States, accounting for the largest "minority majority" and comprising 17.3% of the total population. This rise in numbers is largely caused by economic, political and other social policies, prompting Latin@s to reside into new regions, cities, and towns that were once hostile to them, accounting for new demographic shifts and thus, Remapping las Americas. In the process, Latin@s have undeniably emerged as a significant political, cultural, economic and social force. Utilizing an interdisciplinary, Critical Ethnic Studies and transnational framework, this course is designed as an introductory foray to studying Latin@/Latinx communities in the United States, focusing on their historical, social, political, cultural and economic formations and practices. Some issues and topics to be discussed include: the history of Latin@/Latinx Studies, inter-Latin@ and transnational formations, Latin@/Latinx identities and their attendant discourses; social and cultural movements; labor policies and (im)migrant labor migration; Current "Juan Crow" and past xenophobic policies and practices against Latin@/Latinx communities; and the forms of resistance employed by Latin@s against historical and current-day imperial projects and ethnically/racially intolerant policies.
In a Hampshire College walkout in support of the people of Puerto Rico, the acclaimed poet, Martin Espada, declared that "Colonialism is a Hurricane." A colony of the United States since 1898, the devastating impact of Hurricane Maria exposed the longstanding colonial relationship between the United States and Puerto Rico. The purpose of this class is to learn about the legal, cultural and political history of Puerto Rico, the U.S. Puerto Rican Diaspora, and the various social movements and perspectives that have sprung-up as a result of the continuing coloniality, on and off the island.